Coactivity: Philology, Educology / Santalka: Filologija, Edukologija, Vol 17, No 2 (2009)

The Standardized Aspect of the Dictionaries of Lithuanian Terms of Physics

Angelė Kaulakienė


Single physical terms, words which became terms, can be found in the papers of our standard language founders J. Bretkūnas, M. Daukša, D. Kleinas, J. Rėza, S. Vaišnoras, B. Vilentas in the 16th–17th cc. K. Sirvydas’ trilingual (Polish-Latin-Lithuanian) dictionary “Dictionarium trium linguarum”, the first edition of which appeared in1620, had a great influence on the development of standard language lexis. However, the terminology of physics began to develop much later. Its evolution can be divided in three stages:1) the middle of the 19th c – the end of the 19th c, when the first articles, published in Keleivis (1849–1880) and Aušra (1883–1886), and the first Lithuanian physics textbook of P. Vileišis “Populiariszkas rankvedis fyzikos” (1899) appeared; 2) the beginning of the 20th c – the middle of the 20th c, when the terminology of this stage was influenced by Ig. Končius’ manuscript of physics textbook for gymnasia, during preparation of which he consulted with K. Būga and J. Jablonskis in 1916–1919, Ig. Končius’ dictionary “Terminai fizikos reikalams”, published in Lithuania (1923–1924), K. Šakenis’ “Fizika” (1920), V. Čepinskis’ “Fizikos paskaitos” (1923–1926); 3) the middle of the 20th c – the beginning of the 21st c, when the majority of physical terms, which are still in use, were fixed. P. Brazdžiūnas’ normative work, which was performed by preparing the textbook for higher schools and colleges “Bendroji fizika” (1960–1965) and preparing and editing with his colleagues FTŽ1, FTŽ2, which became the basis of the newest FTŽ3, had influenced it.

FTŽ3 terms are standardized most strongly of all terminographic physical publications. It was influenced by the normative aspect of previous dictionaries of physical terms, which changed at the same time, because the conceptions of different notions and terms changed, there were a lot of fixed terms. Consequently, it can be concluded that present physical terminology is standardized fair enough, it corresponds to possible ideal cases of nomination, when a term names only one concept, and the concept corresponds to one term.


Article in: English

Article published: 2011-03-31

Keyword(s): physical terminographic publications; physical terms; synonymic physical terms; standardized aspect

DOI: 10.3846/1822-430X.2009.17.2.17-27

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